Hummingbirds are fast little creatures, flying here, there and everywhere. Although many of the hummingbirds you see have different color patterns, you might assume they are all a part of the same family. Think again. There are nearly as many different types of hummingbirds as there are days of the year!
Already, we have been able to identify 356 unique species of the miniature bird with super-sonic wings and flamboyantly bright colors. 51 of these incredible hummingbird species are listed as an endangered animal. Most hummingbirds live in Central and South America, so if you grew up or live in one of these regions you are more likely to have a familiarity with hummingbirds. No matter how many times you see a hummingbird, you can never get a good enough look–there are just so many details to take in about these gorgeous winged creatures!
The most common types of hummingbirds include the Anna’s, Blue-Throated, Violet-Crowned, and Rufous, just to name a few. Here we have included photos of hummingbirds that are both common and considered endangered, each one more beautiful than the next!
The Wine-Throated Hummingbird
It is the male wine throated hummingbirds that have exquisitely colored throats, while the females of this breed have plain throats. These hummingbirds prefer humidity, and inhibit regions where dry, hot weather can be found including El Salvador, Guatemala, and many subtropical and tropical montane forests.
The Green-Crowned Brilliant Hummingbird
This hummingbird is one of the larger of the small birds, although not too large. Males weigh around .34 oz and females weigh about 0.28 oz. This type of hummingbird can be found from Costa Rica to western Ecuador.
The Rufous Hummingbird
This is one of the smaller types of hummingbirds, usually only about 8 centimeters in length. They have a very long, thin beak for scoring plenty of nectar. Before the winter storms roll in, these birds fly up to 2,000 miles during migration.
The woodnymph is a medium-sized hummingbird that lives in Belize, Guatemala, northern Colombia, and western Venzuela. These hummingbirds protect the flower beds where they find their food, which consist of mostly nectar although small spiders and other insects make a healthy treat now and then too.
You will only find this gorgeous hummingbird in Costa Rica’s mountains and the western Panama. Still, this is considered a common hummingbird that can be found in forest canopies above 1400 meters. Woodland clearings are another location this bird is known to frequent. Although the fiery-throated hummingbird is only middle-sized, it is considered dominant compared to most other species of the bird.
The Costa’s hummingbird is one of the smallest out there, reaching lengths of only 3-3.5 inches–and that’s the measurements for a mature adult! It spends its time in hot desert regions such as California and Arizona, but as soon as the heat of the summer takes hold, they migrate to cooler woodland habitats.
Marvelous Spatuletail Hummingbird
This bird gets its name from a bird collector that discovered this particular species back in 1835. It is unique because its tail only has 4 feathers. Unfortunately, this beautiful bird is listed on the endangered species list due to a consistant loss of their natural habitat, and a relatively small population size to begin with. In Peru, a 100-acre spread of land has been preserved for the birds to live on since 2006.
This hummingbird got its name from the Duchess of Rivoli, Anna Massena. The bird is native to North America’s west coast.
Violet Sabrewing Hummingbird
While hummingbirds are not known for their size, this is one of the largest of the breed. Despite their size, male violet sabrewing hummingbirds tend to be less violent or territorial than other hummingbirds when it comes to defending their territory.
Unspecified Breed of Hummingbird
Image Credits: Chris Morgan, Knut Eisermann, ideiasedicas.com, imgur.com, don-tbugme.blogspot.com, Max Waugh, Mauro Roman, stevetaboneblog.com, MrClean1982, Larry, Good-e-Nuf, Cyn Vargas, Jose Antonio Yee, Alvaro Cubero Vega, Catsbow, Scott Bechtel, Alexis Coram, Photography